History of the Republican Party
- On July 6, 1854, in Jackson, Michigan, the Republican Party formally organized itself by holding its first convention, adopting a platform and nominating a full slate of candidates for state offices.
- In 1860, Abraham Lincoln became the first Republican to win the White House.
- In 1896, Republicans were the first major party to favor women’s suffrage.
- Discord struck the Republican Party in the 1912 election as Teddy Roosevelt, dissatisfied with President Taft, led his supporters on the “Bull Moose” ticket against the president.
- Past Presidents from the Republican party include Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses Grant, Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield, Chester Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and George W. Bush.
- The symbol of the Republican Party is the elephant. This symbol of the party was created by cartoonist Thomas Nast and first appeared in Harper’s Weekly on November 7, 1874.
- For a long time Republicans have been known as the “G.O.P.” Party faithfuls thought it meant the “Grand Old Party.” But apparently the original meaning (in 1875) was “Gallant Old Party.”
Source: “GOP History,” http://www.gop.com (accessed Dec. 4, 2007)
“Republicans have a long and rich history with basic principles: Individuals, not government, can make the best decisions; all people are entitled to equal rights; and decisions are best made close to home.”
“GOP History,” http://www.gop.com (accessed Dec. 4, 2007)
Among the issues addressed in the 2004 Republican Party Platform are:
- Halting the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
- Building a Better World Based on Democratic Governments, Free Markets, and International Compassion
- Lower Taxes and Economic Growth
- Enforcing Trade Agreements and Opening New Markets
- Ensuring an Affordable, Reliable, More Independent Energy Supply
- Education: No Child Left Behind
- Promoting Affordable, Accessible Health Care
- Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
- Promoting a Culture of Life
Source: “2004 Republican Party Platform: A Safer World and a More Hopeful America,” http://www.gop.com (accessed Dec. 4, 2007)